Situated in the western Himalayas, the Uttarakhand Flowers Valley is a beautiful and lively national park renowned for its alpine flowering meadows. Two of them together form the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve in combination with Nanda Devi National Park. It also appeared in 2005 on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In 1931, the British mountaineer Frank Smythe was originally called Bhyundar Valley, and changed its name in 1931 to Valley of Flowers. This picturesque beauty is one of its kind, endowed with a diverse range of flora and fauna. This beautiful valley is also known as the place from which Hanuman collected Sanjeevani Buti for healing Lakshmana, situates it high in the lofty Himalayas of Garhwal.
Every year millions of visitors are attracted from the world by green pastures, beautiful mountains and running streams. There are no human settlements in the park and pasture is totally prohibited. Many international voyageurs visit the Biosphere Reserve, as it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Seven species of restricted ranges of birds are prevalent in this section of the Himalayas in the transitional zone between the Eastern and Western Himalayas flora. Indeed, it is a trip to the flowers valley that is remembered because it is full of wild rose bushes, fragrant wildflowers and wild strawberries. It is a must-see destination for those who love serenity and nature
Flora and Fauna at Valley
The whole valley is surrounded by flowers of all colours and types that give the place a magical quality. More than 650 flowers, Blue Poppy, Cobra Lily and Brahmakamal among them, have been found. Several rare and generated animals also occur in the area. The valley has a diverse fauna, which includes Asian black bears, blue bears, brown bears, blue sheep, black and brown bears and yellow marten. Various birds, including a golden Himalayan eagle, snow cock from the Himalayas, sparrows, a snowpome and the Himalayan monal, are also available here.
The Park also offers a widespread biography and density of west-based flora and fauna, including the Himalayan musk deer and the snow leopard. The park has a buffer zone of 514 857 hectares spread over the area of 71.210 hectares. In this whole area of the western Himalayan endemic bird area populations of snow leopards and mountain ungulates and other carnivores are supported.
Trek To Valley Of Flowers National Park
The Valley of Flowers trek is bound to give you one of the most beautiful walks. After crossing Alaknanda River across the hanging bridge, the trek begins in Pulna Village or Govindghat. After passing through the village of Pulna you can see the snow-covered peaks between the green and mountains. There are cold water fountains and cascades along the 7 km route between Pulna and Bhyundar Village. Because of the Rhododendrons presence in the region, the area appears pink and dark red. After resting for a while, the walk continues on Laxman Ganga’s right bank until there is a log-bridge. The trail becomes steeper after crossing to the left bank. The base camp of walks to the Valley of the Flowers from Ghangharia is 2 km away.
History of Valley Of Flowers National Park
Three mountaineers from the United Kingdom named Frank S. Smythe, R. L. Holdsworth, and Eric Shipton went away in 1931. They reached accidentally this valley which was very exotic and covered with alpine flowers. They were admired by the beauty of the place and were called the “Val de Flowers.” She later wrote a book on him as well and named it Valley of Flowers, one of Frank S. Smythe’s three climbers. The locals also knew that there was this beautiful valley and believed that there were heroes and gods.
As the flowers of the valley are covered by the Himalayans, snow most of the year is covered. In the late summer months, heavy rainfalls and dense fog can also be seen on the spot. From the middle of July to the middle of August the ideal time is when colorful flowers will grow with the settling snow during this year. With warm days and cold nights, the climate is pleasant.
Flowers Valley National Park Tips to Visit
- The walk is somewhat exhausting so take small breaks along the way.
- Make sure you’re wearing lots of other clothes if you rain.
- Take some food for the walk with you.
- It is recommended to book a place to stay in advance since the accommodation begins to become crowded.
- You can also hire a porter in Govind Ghat to make the walk more comfortable.
- On a trekking path or in the valley there are no toilets, so you will need to relax in nature.